Acne vulgaris, common acne, acne or pimples is a disease of the hair follicles of the face, chest, and back that affects almost all teenagers during puberty. Although bacteria play a role in its development, it is not caused by bacteria. It is not unusual for some women to develop acne in their mid- to late-20s.
What causes acne?
There’s no one factor that causes acne. Sebum (oil) is a natural substance that lubricates and protects the skin. Sebum (oil) is a natural substance that lubricates and protects the skin. When sebaceous (oil) glands attached to the hair follicles are stimulated at the time of puberty or due to other hormonal changes, acne occurs. Increased oil production changes the manner in which the skin cells mature, making them more susceptible to plug the follicular pores. If exposed to the air, the darker exposed portion of the plug is called a “blackhead” or if it is covered by a thin layer of skin, the plug can appear as a whitehead.
When should someone start acne treatment?
As everyone gets acne at some point of time, the right time to treat it is when the potential for scarring develops or when it becomes bothersome. This can be for mild acne that just won’t go away, when severe acne flares suddenly, or even when a single pimple decides to show up the week before one’s prom or wedding.
How to get rid of acne (pimples)
Cleansing and skin care
Despite what one might read in popular style and fashion magazines, there is no magic product or regimen that is right for every person and situation.
Open the pores
Occasional visits to an esthetician who is an expert at safely removing blackheads during a facial can be beneficial.
Exfoliating cleansers and masks: A variety of mild scrubs, exfoliants, and masks can be used. These products may contain salicylic acid in a concentration that makes it a very mild peeling agent. These products remove the outer layer of the skin and thus open pores. Products containing glycolic or alpha hydroxy acids are also gentle skin exfoliants.
Mild cleansers: Washing once or twice a day with a mild cleansing bar or liquid (for example, Dove, Neutrogena, Basis, Purpose, and Cetaphil are all inexpensive and popular) will keep the skin clean and minimize sensitivity and irritation.
Retinol: Not to be confused with the prescription medication Retin-A, this derivative of vitamin A can help promote skin peeling.
Antibacterial cleansers: The most popular ingredient in over-the-counter antibacterial cleansers is benzoyl peroxide.